Just notes

拿到一台干净的centos之后, 初始化Python环境, 一些命令和问题记录而已

可以搞成脚本自动初始化, 当然, 用docker更好


基础环境

1. 创建用户

sudo adduser newuser
sudo passwd newuser

# 设置授权不需要输入密码
sudo /usr/sbin/visudo
newuser       ALL=NOPASSWD: ALL

2. EPEL(Fedora Extra Packages for Enterprise Linux repository )

参考文档

wget http://dl.fedoraproject.org/pub/epel/6/x86_64/epel-release-6-8.noarch.rpm
sudo rpm -Uvh epel-release-6*.rpm

3. 加ius源

包地址

wget http://dl.iuscommunity.org/pub/ius/stable/CentOS/6/x86_64/ius-release-1.0-13.ius.centos6.noarch.rpm
sudo rpm -Uvh ius-release-1.0-13.ius.centos6.noarch.rpm

4. 安装python2.7 / python3 / pip

sudo yum install python27
sudo yum install python27-devel

then

curl https://bitbucket.org/pypa/setuptools/raw/bootstrap/ez_setup.py | sudo /usr/bin/python2.7 -

# pip
curl https://raw.githubusercontent.com/pypa/pip/master/contrib/get-pip.py | sudo /usr/bin/python2.7 -

extra: install python3

sudo yum install python34u python34u-devel

5. virtualenv

sudo pip install virtualenv

6. gen ssh key

ssh-keygen -t rsa

add ~/.ssh/id_rsa.pub to git or github

一些服务

1. install git

sudo yum install git

2. mysql

sudo yum install mysql
sudo yum install mysql-devel* -y
sudo yum install mysql-server
sudo /sbin/service mysqld start

3. redis

sudo yum install redis

4. rabbitmq

sudo yum install rabbitmq-server

问题

[Errno 14] Peer cert cannot be verified or peer cert invalid

add "sslverify=false" in /etc/yum.conf

pip error: ImportError: cannot import name HTTPSHandler

yum install openssl openssl-devel -y

see in sof

MySQL-python

    _mysql.c:2642: error: initializer element is not constant
    _mysql.c:2642: error: (near initialization for ‘_mysql_ResultObject_memberlist[0].offset’)
    _mysql.c: In function ‘_mysql_ConnectionObject_getattr’:
    _mysql.c:2666: error: ‘_mysql_ConnectionObject’ has no member named ‘open’
    error: command 'gcc' failed with exit status 1

    ----------------------------------------
Command "/data/home/alarm/env/bin/python -c "import setuptools, tokenize;__file__='/tmp/pip-build-HgXAQT/MySQL-python/setup.py';exec(compile(getattr(tokenize, 'open', open)(__file__).read().replace('\r\n', '\n'), __file__, 'exec'))" install --record /tmp/pip-kx2cSu-record/install-record.txt --single-version-externally-managed --compile" failed with error code 1 in /tmp/pip-build-HgXAQT/MySQL-python

处理: yum install mysql-devel